Below is a list of thematic journal issues, books, and reports that have been published based on Agora related activities (courses and meetings).

Nazir, A.H., Kotaleski, J.H., & Liljenström, H. (2023). Computational modeling of attractor-based neural processes involved in the preparation of voluntary actions. Cognitive Neurodynamics. doi: 10.1007/s11571-023-10019-3

Liljenström, H. (2022) Consciousness, decision-making, and volition – Freedom beyond chance and necessity? Theory in Biosciences, 141(2):125-140 (Springer).

Linderman, A. & Liljenström, H., Eds. (2021) Fri vilja och mänskligt ansvar – illusion eller verklighet? (in Swedish)
Stockholm: Fri Tanke (2021) ISBN: 9789189139602

Liljenström, H. (2020) Book review on The Brain and AI, by Karl Schlagenhauf and Fanji Gu, Cognitive Systems Research

Liljenström H. (2019) Peak experiences in a consciousness landscape: Report on The Science of Consciousness Conference in Interlaken, Switzerland, 2019. J. Consc. Studies 26:238-263(26)

Liljenström, H. (2018) Intentionality as a Driving Force. J. Consc. Studies, 25 (1-2):206-229

Liljenström H. (2018) Modeling effects of neural fluctuations and inter-scale interactions. Chaos. 2018 Oct;28(10):106319. doi: 10.1063/1.5044510.

Liljenström, H., Ed. (2018) Freeman Neurodynamics – From Populations of Neurons to Consciousness. Special issue, J. Consc. Studies 25(1-2).

Liljenström, H. and Svedin, U., Eds. (2016) Towards a Fossil-Free Society – In the Stockholm-Mälar Region. COMPLEX WP4 Final Scientific Report. Sigtuna Foundation: The Human Nature Series. ISBN: 978-91-976048-4-0

Hassanejad Nazir, A. and Liljenström, H. (2015) A Cortical Network Model for Cognitive and Emotional Influences in Human Decision Making. BioSystems 136: 128-141, doi:10.1016/j.biosystems.2015.07.004

Winder, N.P. and Winder I.C. (2015). Complexity, Compassion and Self-Organisation: Human Evolution and the Vulnerable Ape Hypothesis, Internet Archaeology 40.

Liljenström, H. (Ed.) Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (IV) – Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics, ICCN2013, Sigtuna, 23-27 June 2013. Springer.

Winder, N.P & Winder, I.C. The Behavioural Ecology of Project-Based Science. HumaNatE Publ. Series, 2013.

Liljenström, H. and Linderman, A. (Eds.) Bortom tro och vetande – tankar från en dialog. Carlssons förlag, Stockholm, 2010.

Liljenström, H. and Århem, P. (Eds.) Consciousness Transitions – Phylogenetic, Ontogenetic and Physiological Aspects, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007.

Liljenström, H. and Svedin, U. (Eds.) Micro-Meso-Macro: Addressing Complex Systems Couplings, Singapore: World Scientific Publ. Co., 2005.

Århem. P. & Liljenström, H. Analyzing Biological Systems: The Brain as an Example, In: Revealing Complex Structures – Challenges for Swedish Systems Analysis (Eds. M-O- Olsson & G. Sjöstedt), Kluwer, 2004.

Kuhar, M. & Pögün, S. (Eds) Modeling Mental Processes and Disorders. Proc. of an Agora workshop in Abisko, 16-20 Jan 2002. J. Neuropsychopharmacology 28, 2003.

Århem, P., Liljenström, H, & Lindahl, B.I.B., Consciousness and Comparative Neuroanatomy: Report of Agora Workshop in Sigtuna, Sweden, August 2002., J. Consc. Studies 10:88-89, 2003.

Århem, P., Liljenström, H, & Lindahl, B.I.B. Evolution of Consciousness: Report of Agora Workshop in Sigtuna, Sweden, August 2001. J. Consc. Studies 9, 81-84, 2002.

Århem, P., Liljenström, H, & Lindahl, B.I.B. Unconsciousness -Consciousness: Tools for Exploring the Transitions. Conference report on a workshop in Sigtuna, August 2000. J. Consc. Studies 8, 33-35, 2001.

Århem. P. & Liljenström, H. Fluctuations in neural systems: From Subcellular to Network Levels. In: Handbook of Biological Physics, Vol. 4 (Eds. F. Moss & S. Gielen), pp. 83-125, 2001.

Århem, P., Blomberg, C., and Liljenström, H. (Eds.), Fluctuations in Biological Systems, Proceedings of the 1999 Agora Meeting on Fluctuations in n Biological Systems, Sigtuna, 3-7 Aug, 1999. BioSystems Vol. 62-63, 2001.

Århem, P., Blomberg, C., and Liljenström, H. (Eds.) Disorder versus Order in Brain Functioning, London: World Scientific Publ. Co., 2000.

Århem, P., H. Liljenström, and U. Svedin (Eds.) Matter Matters?- On the Material Basis of the Cognitive Activities of Mind, Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 1997.

Baltscheffsky, H., Blomberg C., Liljenström H., LindahlB.I.B., and Århem P. (Eds) On the Origin and Evolution of Life, J. theor. Biol. 187(4) 1997.

Liljenström H., Århem, P. and Blomberg, C.(Eds.) On the Role and Control of Random Events in Biological Systems, Int.J. Neural Systems 7(4), 1996.

Blomberg C., Liljenström H., Lindahl B.I.B., and Århem P. (Eds) Mind and Matter: Essays from Biology, Physics and Philosophy: An Introduction, J. theor. Biol. 171, 1994.

A list of publications 1997-2010 can be found here.

Below is a sample of publications that have been published as a direct or indirect result of Agora projects.


Elinder,F., Madeja,M. & Århem,P. Surface charges ofK channels: Effects of strontium on cloned channels expressed in Xenopusoocytes. J. gen. Physiol. 108: 325-332.

Lindahl,B.I.B. & Århem, P. The mental force field hypothesis:a reply to Libet . J. theor. Biol. 178: 225-226.

Lindahl,B.I.B. & Århem, P. The relation between theconscious mind and the brain: A reply to Beck. J. theor. Biol. 181:95-96

Århem, P. Vertical information flow in the brain: On neuronalmicro events and consciousness BioSystems 38: 191-198

Århem, P. & Johanssson, S. Spontaneous signalling insmall central neurons: mechanisms and roles of spike-amplitude and spike-intervalfluctuations. International Journal of Neural Systems. 7: 369-376.

Århem, P. Axonal conduction. I: Pediatrics and Perinatalogy:the scientific basis (Eds. Gluckman P.D. and Heyman M.A.) Arnold, London,pp 333-336.


Baltcheffsky,H., Blomberg, C., Liljenström, H., Lindahl, B.I.B. & Århem,P. On the origin and evolution of life: An introduction. J. theor.Biol.187:453-459.

Elinder,F. & Århem,P. Tail currents in the myelinatedaxon of Xenopus laevis suggest a two-open-state Na channel. Biophys. J.73: 179-185

Liljenström, H. & Århem, P. Investigating amplifyingand controlling mechanisms for random events in neural systems. ComputationalNeuroscience (Bower, J ed). Kluwer, Boston, pp 711-716,

Liljenström, H. Cognition and the Efficiency of Neural Processes.I: Matter Matters? On the Material Basis of the Cognitive Activity of Mind.(Eds. Århem, Liljenström & Århem). Springer, Heidelberg.

Århem,P. & Lindahl, B.I.B. On consciousness and spontaneousbrain activity. In: Matter Matters? On the Material Basis of the CognitiveActivity of Mind. (Århem, Liljenström & Svedin, eds). Springer,Heidelberg, pp 235-253.

Århem,P. & Liljenström, H. On the coevolution of cognition and consciousness.J. theor. Biol. 187: 601-612.

Århem,P., Liljenström, H.,& Svedin, U. Introduction I: Matter Matters?On the Material Basis of the Cognitive Activity of Mind. (Eds. Århem,Liljenström & Århem). Springer, Heidelberg.

Århem, P. Ett neurofysiologiskt perspektiv I: Själenoch jaget (H. Fagerberg). Gidlunds förlag. s135-147


Drets, G. & Liljenström, H. Fingerprint Sub-Classificationand Singular Point Detection. Intl. J. Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence 12:407-422.

Elinder,F. & Århem,P. The functional surface chargedensity of a fast K channel in the yelinated axon of Xenopus laevis J. Membr. Biol. 165: 175-181.

Elinder,F., Liu,Y. & Århem, P. Functional surface chargedensity in Shaker channels expressed in oocytes J. Membr. Biol. 165: 183-189.

Liljenström,H. & Aronsson, P. Control and Amplification of Cortical Neurodynamics. Proc. of the Workshop on Virtual Intelligence – Dynamic Neural Networks, Stockholm, June 22-26, 1998.

Nilsson, J., Elinder, F. & Århem, P. Mechanisms of bupivacaineaction on Na and K channels in myelinated axons of Xenopus laevis. Eur.J. Pharmacol. 360: 21-29.


Drets, G. and Liljenström, H. Fingerprint Sub-classification – a Neural Network Approach. In: Intelligent Techniques on Fingerprint and Face Character Recognition (L. Jain, ed.). CRC Press.

Elinder,F., & Århem, P. Role of individual surface charges of voltage gated K channels, Biophys. J. 77:1358-1362.

Liljenström, H. & Århem, P. On the relationship between molecular and network levels in neural systems. In: Handbook of Biological Physics, Vol. 4: Neuro-informatics, Neural Modelling, (Ed. F.Moss), Amsterdam: Elsevier

Liljenström, H. Book review on Neural Organization – Structure, Function and Dynamics by Michael A. Arbib, Peter Erdi, and Janos Szentagothai, (MIT Press, 1997), for Network: Computation in Neural Systems 10:107-109.

Lindahl, B.I.B. Consciousness, behavioural patterns and the directionof biological evolution: implications for the mind-brain problem (manuscript).

Århem,P., Blomberg, C. & Liljenström, H. Disorder versus order in brain function – An introduction.


Aronsson, P. and Liljenström, H. Non-synaptic modulation of cortical network dynamics. Neurocomputing, 32/33:285-290.

Blomberg, C., Liljenström, H., and Århem, P. Disorder versus Order in Brain Functioning – An Introduction In: Disorder versus Order in Brain Functioning – Essays in Theoretical Neurophysics, London: World Scientific Publ. Co.

Liljenström H. Inter-scale interactions in cortical neural networks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23:408-409.

Nilsson J., Madeja M., Århem P. Local anaesthetic binding sites of bupivacaine in K+-channels. Eur. Biophys. J. 346:6A-14.


Aronsson, P. & Liljenström, H. Increased Dynamical Order with Non-synaptic Cortical Interaction, BioSystems 63:43-56.

Basu, S. & Liljenström, H. Role of noise characteristics in cortical state transitions, BioSystems 63:57-69.

Blomberg, C., Elinder, F. & Århem, P. Na channel kinetics: developing models from non-stationary current fluctuations by analytic methods. BioSytems 62:29-43.

Elinder, F., Frankenhaeuser, B. & Århem, P. Non-stationary fluctuation analysis of the Na current in myelinated nerve fibers of Xenopus laevis: experiments and stochastic simulations. BioSystems 62:13-28.

Liljenström H. How (dis)ordered is our brain?, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24(3).

Liljenström, H. Book review on Neurodynamics – An Exploration in Mesoscopic Brain Dynamics by Walter. J. Freeman, (Springer, Berlin, 2000), Connection Science 13:193-198.


Repsilber, D., Liljenström, H., and Andersson, S. Reverse Engineering of Regulatory Networks: Simulation Studies on a Genetic Algorithm Approach for Ranking Hypotheses. BioSystems 66:31-41.

Liljenström, H., Neural Stability and Flexibility – A Computational Approach, J. Neuropsychopharmacology 28: S64-S73.

Liljenström, H. Regulating Cortical Neurodynamics for Past, Present and Future, 5th International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems 2001, (CASYS’01), ed. D.M. Dubois, AIP Conference Proceedings Volume 627, Issue 1, pp. 375-386, American Institute of Physics, New York.


Liljenström, H. “Neural Stability and Flexibility – A Computational Approach”, J. Neuropsychopharmacology 28: S64-S73

Liljenström, H., “Can intrinsic fluctuations increase efficiency in neural information processing?”Conference on Unsolved Problems of Noise, UPoN’02, Bethesda, USA, Sep 3-6, 2002. AIP Conference Proceedings 665:216-226

Liljenström, H., “A Computational Approach to the Stability-Flexibility Dilemma of Neural Systems”Shanghai International Symposium on Nonlinear Science & Applications , NSA’03, 9-13 Nov 2003.


Liljenström, H. and Halnes, G. “Noise in Neural Networks – In Terms of Relations”, Fluctuation and Noise Letters 4: L97-L106 (special issue, eds. P. Hanggi, P. Jung, A. Neiman and L. Schimanski-Geier).

Gu, Y., Halnes, G., Liljenstrom, H., and Wahlund, B., “A Cortical Network Model for Clinical EEG Data Analysis“, Neurocomputing 58-60:1187-1196


Århem, P., Braun, H., Huber, M. and Liljenström, H. “Non-Linear State Transitions in Neural Systems: From Ion Channels to Networks”, In: Micro – Meso – Macro: Addressing Complex Systems Couplings, (H. Liljenström & U. Svedin, eds.) World Scientific Publ. Co., pp. 37-72.

Liljenström, H. and Svedin, U., “System Features, Dynamics, and Resilience – Some Introductory Remarks”, In: Micro – Meso – Macro: Addressing Complex Systems Couplings, (H. Liljenström & U. Svedin, eds.) Singapore: World Scientific Publ. Co. pp. 1-16.

Svedin, U. and Liljenström, H. “Bridges, connections and interfaces – Reflections over the Meso theme”In: Micro – Meso – Macro: Addressing Complex Systems Couplings, (H. Liljenström & U. Svedin, eds.) Singapore: World Scientific Publ. Co. pp. 315-327.

Gu, Y., Wahlund, B., Liljenström, H., von Rosen, D. and Liang, H. “Network Model for Clinical EEG Data Analysis“, Neurocomputing 58-60:1187-1196


Gu, Y., Halnes, G., Liljenström, H., Liang, H., von Rosen, D., and Wahlund, B.  “Modelling ECT Effects by Connectivity Changes in Cortical Neural Networks”, Neurocomputing69:1341-1347

Gu, Y., Liljenström, H., Anton, S., and Rospars, J.-P. “Multi-scale Neurodynamical Odour Coding and Its Modulation”, International Conference on Computation and Neural Systems, CNS*06, Edinburgh, July 17-19 2006.


Århem, P. and Blomberg, C. “Ion channel density and threshold dynamics of repetitive firing in a cortical neuron model“, Biosystems 89:117-125

Gu, Y. and Liljenström, H. ” Modeling Efficiency in Insect Olfactory Information Processing”, BioSystems 89:236-243

Halnes, G., Liljenström, H. and Århem, P. ” Network dynamics dependence on connectivity and ion channel density”, BioSystems 89:126-134

Halnes, G., Fath, B. & Liljenström, H. “The modified niche model: Including detritus in simple structural food web models”. Ecological Modelling 208:9-16.

Blomberg, C. “Physics of Life – The Physicist’s Road to Biology”, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2007.

Popular science and cultural literature (a sample of publications,most in Swedish)

Blomberg, C. “Tiden och tidens riktning: Varifrån kommer den egentligen?” Elementa, 1996.

Blomberg, C. “Tvåhundraårsminnet av Sadi Carnots födelse”.Elementa 1996.

Liljenström, H. “Roboten som vet att den finns – en utopi?” Forskning och Framsteg okt 1996.

Blomberg, C., Hedström, I., Karlsson, K.G. “Från Big Bang till Livet” Rabén Prisma, 1997.

Blomberg, C. “Vägen till Livet”. I Livets ursprung, NFRs årsbok1997.

Århem,P. “Tankar är mer an kemi och elektricitet”. DN 20 juli, 1997

Århem,P. “Om intellektuella modetrender”. Medicinsk vetenskap vid Karolinska Institutet Nr 2 26-27, 1997.

Århem P. and Liljenström H., “Hjärnan och medvetandet”. Stockholms Akademiska Forums utställning om Kropp och Själ, 1998.

Blomberg, C. “Antropiska principen – Kan naturvetenskapen förklara Gud?” Signum,nr 1, 1999.

Blomberg, C. och Sjöström, J. “Kalorik – en fruktbar hypotes i värmelärans historiska utveckling”. ELEMENTA, 1999.

Århem,P. “Thomas av Aquino och naturvetenskapen”. Signum, nr 8, 1999.

Århem, P. “Att förstå medvetandet”. Signum 1, 60-62, 2000.

Århem, P. “Jonkanalforskare får Laskerpriset”. Läkartidningen 97, 3388-3390, 2000.

Århem, P. “Hur Homo blev sapiens”. Signum, 2001.

Århem, P. “Medvetande och hjärna – det centrala problemet”. I Hjärnan och medvetandet (Red. H. Lagercrantz). Nya Doxa, 2001.

Liljenström, H., “Spelar Gud tärning?”, Samspel 2:32 (in Swedish), 2003.

Liljenström, H., “Människan som del av Naturen”, Miljöforskning, nr 4, 2007.

Popular science oral presentations (in Swedish)

Blomberg, C. Tid, vad är det? (presentation vid Göteborgs vetenskapsfestival 1998)

Blomberg, C. Livets ursprung (radio, 16 maj 1999)

Liljenström, H. Om slumpen (Filosofiska Rummet, P1, jan 2002)

Liljenström, H. Om religiösa upplevelser (Teologiska Rummet, P1, apr 2015).

Popular science presentations on video

“Consciousness, Complexity and Wholeness”, Interview with Hans Liljenström, Sigtuna Foundation, 8 May 2016.